The word “cake” has Vikings’ origins. It comes from the Old Norse word “kaka”.
Early cakes in England were also essentially bread. The big difference between a “cake” and “bread” was the round, flat shape of the cakes. The cooking method was also different: cakes were turned over once while cooking, while bread was left upright throughout the baking process.
Sponge cakes, leavened with beaten eggs, originated during the Renaissance, possibly in Spain.