White balance is a way to “measure” the temperature of light. The goal of a conventional photograph is to attain an ideal White Balance where the white color is as close to true, neutral white as possible and all of the colors in your image are in real life. The white balance that you shoot on is determined by the color temperature of your light source. Depending on your result, you can have a yellowish photo to give a warm feeling or a blueish one to give a cold feeling. You are the one to decide about that. That doesn’t mean that your photo will be yellow. It means that your white is a little bit yellowish.
Cameras capture color based on what type of light is being used to light the scene. Every light source has a different color temperature output. This temperature then affects how the colors in the scene will look in our exposures and what the correct white balance setting should be.
You can get great neutral looking pictures with each source, but you can’t shoot them on the same white balance setting.
Most digital cameras have functions for Auto White Balance, a group of preset White Balance (sunny, cloudy, shade, flash, fluorescent, etc…), and a Custom Preset that you can set yourself. You can leave the camera to work out the White Balance automatically, but not all the time will work correct. If you don’t know how to adjust it, check the manual.
The two most common light sources you will run into are Daylight and Tungsten light.
Light when it is high noon and clear outside is around 5,000-5,500 degrees K. Your flashes are calibrated to try and be at this temperature.
Tungsten lighting is around 3,200 degress K. This is the lighting you see frequently in your home or restaurants, it has an orange looking glow to it.
With every light source having its own color temperature, make sure that you are on the correct mode when shooting. If you are outside then it is going to be Daylight, Overcast, or Shade setting. If inside under a tungsten lamp, it will be tungsten setting. If inside with flash it will be daylight. Play around with the different modes to find what works best for your situation! When you change lighting environments don’t forget to change you White Balance mode!
I start counting the days till Christmas. Yuppy!!! So close!
Christmas is a time of celebration and sharing quality time with family and friends. Time spent in the kitchen preparing food for family and friends is one of the great pleasures in life, especially if you do it all together.
– Plan the menus for all the meals well in advance, including all drinks, breakfasts and snacks. If you wanna try something new, try it before so you don’t have a surprise. Try also to include some food from other country specific to Christmas. It will surprise everyone and will be something new. You can make it a Christmas tradition.
– Make a master-shopping list of everything you will need, including any new cooking equipment. Don’t leave it at the last days. It’s crowded and you will lose a lot of time and nerves.
– Delegate. This one is the best advice to give you.
– Clean out the freezer well before Christmas. Sort the freezer out and make space for Christmas food to be stored together in one place.
– Sharpen knives including the carving knife well in advance. Makes all the chopping, peeling and carving so much easier.
– Clean the oven. You will needed it ready to rumble.
– Choose dishes that can be served at room temperature. It will help you to enjoy the dinner and not reheat food in the kitchen.
– Serve family style with large platters in the middle of the table. It’s interactive and fun to share, and also, people eat as much as they need.
– Nominate a wine master so you don’t have to worry about what to open next or if everyone’s glasses are kept topped up.
– Make sure you have the table set and looking lovely before the guests arrive.
– Don’t forget to allow yourself time during or at the end of cooking to chill out a little, get ready or have a drink.
Wine making has been around for thousands of years and is a natural process that requires very little human intervention.
My father used to do it in the traditional way. He died a few days ago, but I have lots of memories with him. Making wine is one of them. It was a family gathering. Don’t think that we have a huge vineyard. My dad had 4 vines but very good ones, red grapes with a strawberry flavor.
We used to get all the family together to do the harvest. Choosing when to harvest the grapes is a major fact in how the wine will turn out. It was also a time for jockes, stories and lots of fun. We used to destemmer by hand and crush the grapes with our hands. Now days, we have small corkscrew crusher to do that, so we don’t need to do the destemmer by hand. If the stem is left attached to the grape for too long, it will give off a bitter taste later.
For the next step, the pressing, we used a small mechanical press. We never did it like they do it in Italy with your feet in a huge barrel.
Pressing was done by the men in the house, so my little boy was present to taste the grape juice. He loved it. It is the first time for him, and he loved to be part of the process. He tried and help as much as he could, and was such a fan to see him participate.
From this point only the men will take care of the wine. To keep the secret of the process.
The grape juice is placed in oak barrels for red wines. During the fermentation process, the grapes’ natural sugars are converted into alcohol by wild yeasts that form on the grapes as they grow. Fermentation time varies, but is usually seven to ten days. For red wines, the skins are removed during or after the initial fermentation.
The liquid is gently pumped or bucketed by hand from the fermentation barrels into clean barrels.
The wine is finally racked, by hand, into bottles. The bottles are corked and labeled.
So, this is our traditional wine making process. In the end I raise a glass of wine and wish you a good day!